Research & Development: Strengthening Consensus Standards

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Many regulators including PHMSA are incorporating consensus standards into the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR). The goal is to strengthen and streamline the code, be less prescriptive and allow for performance to drive how regulations are met. National consensus standards can carry the equivalent weight of law when incorporated by reference into the CFR. The intent is to ensure standards support the safe design, construction, operation, maintenance and repair of pipelines. Consensus Standards constantly need new scientific information and knowledge to be effective and relevant. They are continually reviewed and upgraded by committees of engineers and other technical experts.

Collaborative research targeting consensus standards will feed new knowledge into the process of keeping standards relevant to their purpose. The PHMSA program is funding this related research to strengthen their scope and to expand their applicability. Significant time and resources are consumed reaching consensus on a research strategy at R&D forums and other stakeholder events. Given this, itís imperative that knowledge from the research is transferred to sustain Standards Developing Organizations (SDOs). PHMSA is working diligently to measuring the research benefit of projects addressing standards while providing knowledge transfer to the standards-development process.

To ensure success with this research program objective, PHMSA and the Pipeline Standards-Developing Organizations Coordinating Council (PSDOCC) entered a Memorandum of Agreement (MOA). The MOA is improving cooperation and coordination between "the Parties" to simplify a more effective and efficient integration of pipeline safety research and development results into the development and revision of voluntary consensus technical standards. The systematic process described in the MOA is critical to ensure knowledge from pipeline safety research is transferred to end users.

In 2007 PHMSA issued the first data call to relevant SDOs about how the collaborative research with industry is impacting their standards. This was the first time PHMSA contacted SDOs in this capacity and in line with actions described in the MOA. It will take multiple iterations working with SDOs to standardize their responses to these data calls so the public can understand the true impact.

PHMSA will contact relevant SDOs annually and capture the current status or final impact of that research addressing their standards. Many SDOs revise standards on a three or five year frequency so it could take multiple years to register the final and desired impact "Standard Revised." In addition, PHMSA and the PSDOCC must work harder to share the research with the SDO committees to ensure the results are factored when revising consensus standards.

The goal through coordination is to refine future SDO responses down to the following three:

  1. The research results will be forwarded to committee officers for use in revising the standard.
    (Meaning no word yet on the impact but the committee should address this when reconvening)
  2. The research was used in part to revise this standard.
    (Meaning the committee reviewed the research results and it was used in part to revise the standard)
  3. The research was not used to revise this standard.
    (Meaning the committee reviewed the research results and it was decided that it would not be used to revise the standard)

The following section documents the program success in strengthening consensus standards.

Research Relevance with Standards Developing Organizations

Overall Investment with Strengthening Standards
Objective Standards Addressed by Projects Projects Addressing StandardsA PHMSA
Strengthening Standards 43 107 $49.89M
Footnotes:
  1. One project may impact multiple standards; thus the count shown here can and will be different from more-detailed counts.
Pie Chart Showing counts of Projects by Standard Organization Impacts. Data also shown in table below.
Impact on Participating Standards Developing Organizations
No. Organization Name Standards
Addressed by
Projects
Projects
Addressing
StandardsA
PHMSAA
1. American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) 7 21 $ 9.32M
2. American Petroleum Institute (API) 10 26 $11.41M
3. NACE International (NACE) 14 27 $ 6.37M
4. National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) 1 6 $ 2.48M
5. American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) 6 7 $ 3.39M
6. Det Norske Veritas (DNV) 1 1 $ 0.17M
7. American Welding Society (AWS) 3 3 $ 1.36M
8. Society for Protective Coatings (SSPC) 1 1 $ 0.14M
Footnotes:
  1. Some projects impact multiple standards sometime from multiple SDOs; thus the counts and funding values shown here includes some double counting (sums to more than 100%), and has differences from more-detailed values shown further below.
Impact Status by Standards Developing Organization
No. Organization Name %
AddressedA, B
%
RevisedC
Standard
Relevance
CountD
Impact
Meter
1. American Petroleum Institute (API) 18% 30% 26
 
2. American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) 15% 0% 21
 
3. American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) 5% 0% 7
 
4. American Welding Society (AWS) 2% 0% 3
 
5. Det Norske Veritas (DNV) 0% 0% 1
 
6. NACE International (NACE) 19% 7% 27
 
7. National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) 4% 0% 6
 
8. Society for Protective Coatings (SSPC) 0% 0% 1
 
Footnotes:
  1. The number of projects addressing an SDO divided by the number of projects the PHMSA program has addressing all consensus standards.
  2. These percentages may not total 100% since some projects are targeting the development of new standards yet directed by an SDO.
  3. The number of projects revising standards issued by an SDO divided by the number of projects addressing that same SDO.
  4. The total number of PHMSA projects targeting consensus standards issued by an SDO.
Summary of Impacted Standards
Seq Standard # Standard Title Projects
Addressing
Standard
Projects Used
to Impact
Standard
Identified Impacting Projects PHMSA SDO File
American Petroleum Institute (API)
1. API 939-D Technical Report - Stress Corrosion Cracking of Carbon Steel in Fuel Grade Ethanol: Review and Survey, Second Edition 2   $ 0.25M
2. API 939-E Technical Bulletin - Identification, Repair, and Mitigation of Cracking of Steel Equipment in Fuel Ethanol Service 2   $ 0.25M
3. Publ 1163 In-line Inspection Systems Qualification Standard 1   $ 0.56M
4. RP 1166 Excavation Monitoring and Observation 1   $ 0.07M
5. RP 1177 Recommended Practice for Steel Pipeline Construction Quality Management Systems, 1st Edition 1 1 #504  $ 0.30M  File Type
6. RP 1183 Assessment and Management of Dents in Pipelines 5 5 #146 #238
#358 #555
#557 
$ 4.53M  File Type
7. RP 579 Fitness-for-Service 2   $ 0.89M
8. Spec 5L Specification for Line Pipe 1   $ 0.14M
9. Std 1104 Welding of Pipelines and Related Facilities 9 2 #128 #133
$ 3.87M /matrix/FilGet.rdm?fil=3646
10. TR 939-D Stress Corrosion Cracking of Carbon Steel in Fuel Grade Ethanol 2   $ 0.51M
American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME)
1. B31.12 Hydrogen Piping and Pipelines 4   $ 1.55M
2. B31.3 2004 Process Piping 1   $ 0.14M
3. B31.4 Pipeline Transportation Systems for Liquid Hydrocarbons and Other Liquids 4   $ 1.63M
4. B31.8 Gas Transmission and Distribution Piping Systems 7   $ 4.10M
5. B31.8 BS 7910 Gas Transmission and Distribution Piping Systems 1   $ 0.17M
6. B31.8S Managing System Integrity of Gas Pipelines 3   $ 0.83M
7. B31G/RSTRENG Manual: Determining Remaining Strength of Corroded Pipelines 1   $ 0.87M
American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM)
1. D-4806 Specification for Denatured Fuel Ethanol for Blending with Gasolines for Use as Automotive Spark-Ignition Engine Fuel 2   $ 0.51M
2. D2513 Standard Specification for Thermoplastic Gas Pressure Pipe, Tubing, and Fittings 1   $ 0.58M
3. D2657 Standard Practice for Heat Fusion Joining of Polyolefin Pipe and Fittings 1   $ 0.58M
4. E1820 Standard Test Method for Measurement of Fracture Toughness 1   $ 0.80M
5. E1961-98(2003)e1 Standard Practice for Mechanized Ultrasonic Examination of Girth Welds Using Zonal Discrimination with Focused Search Un 1   $ 0.35M
6. E2472-06 Standard Test Method for Determination of Resistance to Stable Crack Extension under Low-Constraint Conditions 1   $ 0.55M
American Welding Society (AWS)
1. A5.X Filler Metal Specifications 1   $ 0.60M
2. B4.0 Standard Methods for Mechanical Testing of Welds 1   $ 0.60M
3. D10.12 Guide for Welding Mild Steel Pipe 1   $ 0.14M
Det Norske Veritas (DNV)
1. DNV RP F-101 Submarine Pipeline Systems, October 2005 1   $ 0.17M
NACE International (NACE)
1. RP 0105-2005 Liquid-Epoxy Coatings 1   $ 0.14M
2. RP 0169 Control of External Corrosion on Underground or Submerged Metallic Piping Systems 1   $ 0.08M
3. RP 0169-2002 Control of External Corrosion on Underground or Submerged Metallic Piping Systems 1   $ 0.45M
4. RP 0178-2003 Fabrication Details, Surface Finish Requirements, and Proper Design Considerations for Tanks and Vessels to Be Lined for 1   $ 0.14M
5. RP 0204-2004 Stress Corrosion Cracking (SCC) Direct Assessment Methodology 2   $ 0.73M
6. RP 0303-2003 Field-Applied Heat-Shrinkable Sleeves 1   $ 0.14M
7. RP 0394-94 Application, Performance, and Quality Control of Plant-Applied, Fusion-Bonded Epoxy External Pipe Coating 1   $ 0.24M
8. RP 0502 Pipeline External Corrosion Direct Assessment Methodology 12   $ 2.95M
9. RP 0694-94 Commercial Blast Cleaning? 1   $ 0.24M
10. SP 0206-2006 Internal Corrosion Direct Assessment Methodology for Pipelines Carrying Normally Dry Natural Gas (DG-ICDA) 1   $ 0.19M
11. SP 0502 Pipeline External Corrosion Direct Assessment Methodology 1   $ 0.25M
12. TG 294 Above ground testing for coating condition assessment 1   $ 0.13M
13. TG 305 Wet Gas ICDA Standard 2 1 #177  $ 0.47M  File Type
14. TG 315 Liquid Petroleum ICDA Standard 1 1 #167  $ 0.18M  File Type
National Fire Protection Association (NFPA)
1. 59A Standard for the Production, Storage, and Handling of Liquefied Natural Gas 6   $ 2.48M
Society for Protective Coatings (SSPC)
1. SSPC-PA1 Shop, Field, and Maintenance Painting 1   $ 0.14M
Research Programmatic Element and SDO Impact
SDO Projects
Addressing
Standards
Project Results
Used to
Revise a Standard
Category: Threat Prevention
American Petroleum Institute (API) 2 1
American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) 1  
Category Sub-Totals: 3 1
Category: Anomaly Detection
American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) 1  
NACE International (NACE) 19 2
Category Sub-Totals: 20 2
Category: Anomaly Characterization
American Petroleum Institute (API) 6 5
American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) 2  
NACE International (NACE) 3  
Category Sub-Totals: 11 5
Category: Anomaly Repair
American Petroleum Institute (API) 2  
American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) 2  
Category Sub-Totals: 4 0
Category: Materials
American Petroleum Institute (API) 2  
American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) 6  
American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) 1  
American Welding Society (AWS) 1  
Det Norske Veritas (DNV) 1  
NACE International (NACE) 5  
Society for Protective Coatings (SSPC) 1  
Category Sub-Totals: 17 0
Category: Welding
American Petroleum Institute (API) 8 2
American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) 6  
American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) 2  
American Welding Society (AWS) 2  
Category Sub-Totals: 18 2
Category: Joining
American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) 2  
Category Sub-Totals: 2 0
Category: Alternative Fuels
American Petroleum Institute (API) 6  
American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) 3  
American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) 2  
Category Sub-Totals: 11 0
Category: Liquefied Natural Gas
National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) 6  
Category Sub-Totals: 6 0
Grand Totals:92 10
Research Project and Addressed Standard Status and Impact
No. Project Title Project StatusA SDO Standard No/Title Impact StatusA Confirmed SDO Notes File
Threat Prevention
1. Quality Management Systems for Pipelines Cancelled            
2. Development and Validation of a Probabilistic Method for Estimating Accumulated Strain and Assessing Strain Demand and Capacity on Existing Pipelines Active            
3. Design and Placement of Compact Service Regulators Active            
4. Dynamic Geohazard Risk and Decision Support Platform Active            
5. Developing Corrosion Control Monitoring Technology for Hazardous Liquid Breakout Tanks Active            
6. Monitoring the Long-Term Compatibility of VCI and CP Associated Components Active            
7. Effectiveness of Prevention Methods for Excavation Damage Closed API RP 1166, "Excavation Monitoring and Observation" Out For Revision 09/28/2007 Forwarded to committee officers for use in revising standard.
 
8. Improving Quality Management Systems (QMS) for Pipeline Construction Activities Closed API RP 1177, "Recommended Practice for Steel Pipeline Construction Quality Management Systems, 1st Edition" Standard Revised 01/19/2018 API File...
9. Effectiveness of Prevention Methods for Excavation Damage Closed ASME B31.8S, "Managing System Integrity of Gas Pipelines" Out For Revision 09/13/2007 Forwarded to committee officers for use in revising standard.  
Leak Detection
10. Odorant Effectiveness Closed            
11. Improving the Reliability, Detection, and Accuracy Capabilities of Existing Leak Detection Systems (CPMs) Using Machine Learning Closed            
12. Improve Pipeline Leak Rate Estimation Closed            
Anomaly Detection
13. Integrated Internal Inspection and Cleaning Tool Technology for Pipelines Cancelled            
14. In-Ditch Validation Methodology for Determination of Defect Sizing Closed            
15. A Novel Approach to Establishing Remaining Strength of Line Pipe and Fittings with Corrosion Type Defects Closed            
16. A Novel Structured Light Based Sensing and Probabilistic Diagnostic Technique for Pipe Internal Corrosion Detection and Localization Closed            
17. Improve ILI Sizing Accuracy Completed            
18. Validate In-Line Inspection (ILI) Capabilities to Detect/Characterize Mechanical Damage Active            
19. Stress Corrosion Cracking Prioritization and Decision Making Using a Bayesian Network Approach Closed            
20. Assessment of Nondestructive Examination (NDE) and Condition Monitoring Technologies for Defect Detection in Non-Metallic Pipe Active            
21. Pipeline Segment-Specific External Corrosion Rate Estimation to Improve Reassessment Interval Accuracy Closed ASME B31.8S, "Managing System Integrity of Gas Pipelines" Not Determined    
22. Improvements to the External Corrosion Direct Assessment Methodology by Incorporating Soils Data Closed NACE RP 0502, "Pipeline External Corrosion Direct Assessment Methodology" Out For Revision 10/30/2007 Forwarded to committee officers for use in revising standard.  
23. Internal Corrosion Direct Assessment (ICDA) of Gas Transmission, Gathering, and Storage Systems Closed NACE SP 0206-2006, "Internal Corrosion Direct Assessment Methodology for Pipelines Carrying Normally Dry Natural Gas (DG-ICDA)" Out For Revision 10/30/2007 Forwarded to committee officers for use in revising standard.
 
24. Determining Integrity Reassessment Intervals Through Corrosion Rate Modeling And Monitoring Closed NACE RP 0502, "External Corrosion Direct Assessment" Out For Revision 10/30/2007 Forwarded to committee officers for use in revising standard.
 
25. Task Order #1: External Corrosion of Line Pipe Steels Closed NACE RP 0502, "Pipeline External Corrosion Direct Assessment Methodology" Not Determined 10/30/2007  
26. Task Order #1: External Corrosion of Line Pipe Steels Closed NACE RP 0169-2002, "Control of External Corrosion on Underground or Submerged Metallic Piping Systems" Not Determined 10/30/2007  
27. Applying External Corrosion Direct Assessment (ECDA) to Difficult to Inspect Areas Closed NACE RP 0502, "Pipeline External Corrosion Direct Assessment Methodology" Out For Revision 10/30/2007 Forwarded to committee officers for use in revising standard.
 
28. Development of ICDA for Liquid Petroleum Pipelines Closed NACE TG 315, "Liquid Petroleum ICDA Standard" Standard Revised 10/30/2007 NACE File...
29. Evaluation and Validation of Aboveground Techniques for Coating Condition Assessment Closed NACE TG 294, "Above ground testing for coating condition assessment" Out For Revision 10/30/2007 Forwarded to committee officers for use in revising standard.
 
30. Direct Assessment for Internal Corrosion in the Presence of Wet Gas Closed NACE TG 305, "Wet Gas ICDA Standard" Standard Revised 10/30/2007 NACE File...
31. Internal Corrosion Direct Assessment Detection of Water Closed NACE TG 305, "Wet Gas ICDA Standard" Not Determined 10/30/2007  
32. Guidelines for Interpretation of Close Interval Surveys for ECDA Closed NACE RP 0502, "Pipeline External Corrosion Direct Assessment Methodology" Not Determined 10/30/2007  
33. Demonstration of ECDA Applicability and Reliability for Demanding Situations Closed NACE RP 0502, "Pipeline External Corrosion Direct Assessment Methodology" Not Determined 10/30/2007  
34. ECDA for Unique Threats to Underground Pipelines Closed NACE RP 0502, "Pipeline External Corrosion Direct Assessment Methodology" Not Determined 10/30/2007  
35. Guidelines for the Identification of SCC Sites and the Estimation of Re-Inspection Intervals for SCCDA Closed NACE RP 0204-2004, "Stress Corrosion Cracking (SCC) Direct Assessment Methodology" Not Determined 10/30/2007  
36. Phase Sensitive Methods to Detect Cathodic Disbondment Closed NACE RP 0502, "Pipeline External Corrosion Direct Assessment Methodology" Not Determined 10/30/2007  
37. External Corrosion Direct Assessment of Cased Pipes Closed NACE RP 0502, "Pipeline External Corrosion Direct Assessment Methodology" Not Determined    
38. Severity Ranking of ECDA Indirect Inspection Indications Closed NACE RP 0502, "Pipeline External Corrosion Direct Assessment Methodology" Not Determined    
39. External Corrosion Direct Assessment - Potential Measurements on Paved Areas Closed NACE RP 0502, "Pipeline External Corrosion Direct Assessment Methodology" Not Determined    
40. Pipeline Segment-Specific External Corrosion Rate Estimation to Improve Reassessment Interval Accuracy Closed NACE RP 0502, "Pipeline External Corrosion Direct Assessment Methodology" Not Determined    
Anomaly Characterization
41. Development of a Model to Accurately Predict the Conditions of Carrier Pipe within Casings Based on Conditions at the Casing Ends Cancelled            
42. Threat/Anomaly Mitigation Decision-Making Process Closed            
43. Definition of Geotechnical and Operational Load Effects on Pipeline Anomalies Closed            
44. Improve Dent/Cracking Assessment Methods Closed            
45. Systematize 20 Years of Mechanical Damage Research Closed            
46. Mechanical Damage at Welds Closed API RP 1183, "Assessment and Management of Dents in Pipelines" Standard Revised 02/25/2020 API File...
47. Characterization of Stress Corrosion Cracking Using Laser Ultrasonics Closed API Publ 1163, "In-line Inspection Systems Qualification Standard" Out For Revision 09/28/2007 Forwarded to committee officers for use in revising standard.  
48. Structural Significance of Mechanical Damage Closed API RP 1183, "Assessment and Management of Dents in Pipelines" Standard Revised 02/25/2020 API File...
49. Dent Fatigue Life Assessment - Development of Tools for Assessing the Severity and Life of Dent Features Closed API RP 1183, "Assessment and Management of Dents in Pipelines" Standard Revised 02/25/2020 API File...
50. Consolidated Project Full Scale Testing of Interactive Features for Improved Models Closed API RP 1183, "Assessment and Management of Dents in Pipelines" Standard Revised 02/25/2020 API File...
51. Improving Models to Consider Complex Loadings, Operational Considerations, and Interactive Threats Closed API RP 1183, "Assessment and Management of Dents in Pipelines" Standard Revised 02/25/2020 API File...
52. Structural Significance of Mechanical Damage Closed ASME B31.8, "Gas Transmission and Distribution Piping Systems" Not Determined    
53. Validation for Flaw Acceptance of Mechanical Damage to Low Stress Natural Gas Pipelines Closed ASME B31.8, "Gas Transmission and Distribution Piping Systems" Not Determined    
54. High CP Potential Effects on Pipelines Closed NACE RP 0169, "Control of External Corrosion on Underground or Submerged Metallic Piping Systems" Out For Revision 10/30/2007 Forwarded to committee officers for use in revising standard.
 
55. Model Modules to Assist Assessing and Controlling Stress Corrosion Cracking (SCC) Closed NACE RP 0204-2004, "Stress Corrosion Cracking (SCC) Direct Assessment Methodology" Not Determined 10/30/2007  
56. Validation of External Corrosion Growth-Rate Using Polarization Resistance and Soil Properties Closed NACE SP 0502, "Pipeline External Corrosion Direct Assessment Methodology" Not Determined    
Anomaly Repair
57. Selection of Pipe Repair Methods Closed            
58. Repair/Replacement Considerations for Pre-Regulation Pipe Closed            
59. Pipeline Assessment and Repair Manual Closed API RP 579, "Fitness-For-Service" Not Determined    
60. Pipeline Assessment and Repair Manual Closed API Std 1104, "Welding of Pipelines and Related Facilities" Out For Revision 09/28/2007 Forwarded to committee officers for use in revising standard.
 
61. Pipeline Assessment and Repair Manual Closed ASME B31.4, "Pipeline Transportation Systems for Liquid Hydrocarbons and Other Liquids" Not Determined    
62. Pipeline Assessment and Repair Manual Closed ASME B31.8, "Gas Transmission and Distribution Piping Systems" Not Determined    
Pipe Remediation/Rehabilitation
63. Evaluation of Structural Liners for the Rehabilitation of Liquid and Natural Gas Piping Systems Closed            
Design
64. Realistic Strain Capacity Models for Pipeline Construction and Maintenance Closed            
65. Strain-Based Design and Assessment of Segments of Pipelines with and without Fittings Closed            
Materials
66. External Pipeline Coating Integrity Closed            
67. Comprehensive Study to Understand Longitudinal Electric Resistance Welded (ERW) Seam Failures Closed            
68. Effects of Hydrocarbon Permeation on Plastic Pipe Strength and Fusion Performance Closed            
69. Improved In-field Welding and Coating Protocols Closed API Std 1104, "Welding of Pipelines and Related Facilities" Out For Revision 09/28/2007 Forwarded to committee officers for use in revising standard.  
70. Improved In-field Welding and Coating Protocols Closed API Spec 5L, "Specification for Line Pipe" Not Determined    
71. Task Order #2: Fatigue Fracture and Crack Arrest in High-Strength Pipeline Steels Closed ASME B31.8S, "Managing System Integrity of Gas Pipelines" Not Determined    
72. Corrosion Assessment Guidance for Higher Strength Pipelines Closed ASME B31G/RSTRENG, "Manual: Determining Remaining Strength of Corroded Pipelines" Not Determined    
73. Behavior of Corroded Pipelines Under Cyclic Pressure Closed ASME B31.8 BS 7910, "Gas Transmission and Distribution Piping Systems" Not Determined    
74. Improved In-field Welding and Coating Protocols Closed ASME B31.3, "2004 Process Piping" Not Determined    
75. Improved In-field Welding and Coating Protocols Closed ASME B31.4, "Pipeline Transportation Systems for Liquid Hydrocarbons and Other Liquids" Not Determined    
76. The Effect of Pressurized Hydrogen Gas on the Fatigue Properties of the Heat-Affected Zones in X52 and X70 Pipelines Closed ASME B31.12, "Hydrogen Piping and Pipelines" Not Determined    
77. Task Order #2: Fatigue Fracture and Crack Arrest in High-Strength Pipeline Steels Closed ASTM E2472-06, "Standard Test Method for Determination of Resistance to Stable Crack Extension under Low-Constraint Conditions" Not Determined    
78. Improved In-field Welding and Coating Protocols Closed AWS D10.12, "Guide for Welding Mild Steel Pipe" Not Determined    
79. Behavior of Corroded Pipelines Under Cyclic Pressure Closed DNV DNV RP F-101, "Submarine Pipeline Systems, October 2005" Not Determined    
80. Improved In-field Welding and Coating Protocols Closed NACE RP 0105-2005, "Liquid-Epoxy Coatings" Not Determined 10/30/2007  
81. Improved In-field Welding and Coating Protocols Closed NACE RP 0178-2003, "Fabrication Details, Surface Finish Requirements, and Proper Design Considerations for Tanks and Vessels to Be Lined for" Not Determined 10/30/2007  
82. Improved In-field Welding and Coating Protocols Closed NACE RP 0303-2003, "Field-Applied Heat-Shrinkable Sleeves" Not Determined 10/30/2007  
83. Effect of Surface Preparation on Residual Stress in Multi-layer and Other Pipeline Coatings Closed NACE RP 0394-94, "Application, Performance, and Quality Control of Plant-Applied, Fusion-Bonded Epoxy External Pipe Coating" Not Determined 10/30/2007  
84. Effect of Surface Preparation on Residual Stress in Multi-layer and Other Pipeline Coatings Closed NACE RP 0694-94, "Commercial Blast Cleaning?" Not Determined    
85. Improved In-field Welding and Coating Protocols Closed SSPC SSPC-PA1, "Shop, Field, and Maintenance Painting" Not Determined    
Welding
86. Optimization of Multi-Wire GMAW Welding Procedure for Heavy-Wall Offshore Pipeline Construction Cancelled            
87. A Comprehensive Update in the Evaluation of Pipelines Weld Defects Closed API Std 1104, "Welding of Pipelines and Related Facilities" Standard Revised 09/28/2007 API File...
88. Improved Inspection and Assessment Methods for Pipeline Girth Welds and Repair Welds Closed API Std 1104, "Welding of Pipelines and Related Facilities" Standard Revised 09/28/2007 API File...
89. Development of HAZ Hardness Limits for In-Service Welding Closed API Std 1104, "Welding of Pipelines and Related Facilities" Not Determined    
90. Validation of Assessment Methods for Production Scale Girth Welding of High Strength Pipelines with Multiple Pipe Sources Closed API Std 1104, "Welding of Pipelines and Related Facilities" Not Determined    
91. Validation of Assessment Methods for Production Scale Girth Welding of High Strength Pipelines with Multiple Pipe Sources Closed API RP 579, "Fitness-for-Service" Not Determined    
92. Automated Laser Ultrasonic Testing (ALUT) Of Hybrid Laser Arc Welds For Pipeline Construction Closed API Std 1104, "Welding of Pipelines and Related Facilities" Not Determined    
93. Update of Weld Design, Testing, and Assessment Procedures for High Strength Pipelines Closed API Std 1104, "Welding of Pipelines and Related Facilities" Not Determined    
94. Development of Optimized Welding Solutions for X100 Linepipe Steel Closed API Std 1104, "Welding of Pipelines and Related Facilities" Not Determined    
95. Validation of Assessment Methods for Production Scale Girth Welding of High Strength Pipelines with Multiple Pipe Sources Closed ASME B31.8, "Gas Transmission and Distribution Piping Systems" Not Determined    
96. Update of Weld Design, Testing, and Assessment Procedures for High Strength Pipelines Closed ASME B31.4, "Pipeline Transportation Systems for Liquid Hydrocarbons and Other Liquids" Not Determined    
97. Update of Weld Design, Testing, and Assessment Procedures for High Strength Pipelines Closed ASME B31.8, "Gas Transmission and Distribution Piping Systems" Not Determined    
98. Update of Weld Design, Testing, and Assessment Procedures for High Strength Pipelines Closed ASME B31.8, "Hydrogen Piping and Pipelines" Not Determined    
99. Development of Optimized Welding Solutions for X100 Linepipe Steel Closed ASME B31.4, "Pipeline Transportation Systems for Liquid Hydrocarbons and Other Liquids" Not Determined    
100. Development of Optimized Welding Solutions for X100 Linepipe Steel Closed ASME B31.8, "Gas Transmission and Distribution Piping Systems" Not Determined    
101. Improved Inspection and Assessment Methods for Pipeline Girth Welds and Repair Welds Closed ASTM E1961-98(2003)e1, "Standard Practice for Mechanized Ultrasonic Examination of Girth Welds Using Zonal Discrimination with Focused Search Un" Not Determined    
102. Update of Weld Design, Testing, and Assessment Procedures for High Strength Pipelines Closed ASTM E1820, "Standard Test Method for Measurement of Fracture Toughness" Not Determined    
103. Development of Optimized Welding Solutions for X100 Linepipe Steel Closed AWS A5.X, "Filler Metal Specifications" Not Determined    
104. Development of Optimized Welding Solutions for X100 Linepipe Steel Closed AWS B4.0, "Standard Methods for Mechanical Testing of Welds" Not Determined    
Joining
105. Butt Fusion Joint Integrity and Evaluation of NDE Technologies Closed ASTM D2513, "Standard Specification for Thermoplastic Gas Pressure Pipe, Tubing, and Fittings" Not Determined    
106. Butt Fusion Joint Integrity and Evaluation of NDE Technologies Closed ASTM D2657, "Standard Practice for Heat Fusion Joining of Polyolefin Pipe and Fittings" Not Determined    
Alternative Fuels
107. New Design and Construction Techniques for Transportation of Ethanol and Ethanol/Gasoline Blends in New Pipelines Closed            
108. Corrosion and Integrity Management of Biodiesel Pipelines Cancelled            
109. Technical and Economic Feasibility of Preventing SCC through Control of Oxygen Closed            
110. Feasibility of Chemical Inhibition of Ethanol SCC Closed            
111. Compatibility of Non-Ferrous Metals with Ethanol Closed            
112. SETTING SAFE LIMITS ON BIODIESEL CONSTITUENTS FOR PIPELINE INTEGRITY Cancelled            
113. Effect of Ethanol Source on Stress Corrosion Cracking of Carbon Steel Closed API TR 939-D, "Stress Corrosion Cracking of Carbon Steel in Fuel Grade Ethanol" Not Determined    
114. Effect of Ethanol Blends and Batching Operations on Stress Corrosion Cracking of Carbon Steel Closed API TR 939-D, "Stress Corrosion Cracking of Carbon Steel in Fuel Grade Ethanol" Not Determined    
115. Monitoring Conditions Leading to SCC/Corrosion of Carbon Steel Closed API API 939-D, "Technical Report - Stress Corrosion Cracking of Carbon Steel in Fuel Grade Ethanol: Review and Survey, Second Edition" Not Determined    
116. Monitoring Conditions Leading to SCC/Corrosion of Carbon Steel Closed API API 939-E, "Technical Bulletin - Identification, Repair, and Mitigation of Cracking of Steel Equipment in Fuel Ethanol Service" Not Determined    
117. Determine the Requirements for Existing Pipeline, Tank and Terminal Systems to Transport Ethanol without Cracking Closed API API 939-D, "Technical Report - Stress Corrosion Cracking of Carbon Steel in Fuel Grade Ethanol: Review and Survey, Second Edition" Not Determined    
118. Determine the Requirements for Existing Pipeline, Tank and Terminal Systems to Transport Ethanol without Cracking Closed API API 939-E, "Technical Bulletin - Identification, Repair, and Mitigation of Cracking of Steel Equipment in Fuel Ethanol Service" Not Determined    
119. Performance Evaluation of High-Strength Steel Pipelines for High-Pressure Gaseous Hydrogen Transportation Closed ASME B31.12, "Hydrogen Piping and Pipelines" Not Determined    
120. Cost-Effective Techniques for Weld Property Measurement and Technologies for Improving Weld Hydrogen Embrittlement and Intergranular Stress Corrosion Cracking Resistance for Alternative Fuel Pipelines Closed ASME B31.12, "Hydrogen Piping and Pipelines" Not Determined    
121. Effect of Microstructure of Pipeline Steels on Ductility and Fatigue Properties in High Pressure Hydrogen Atmosphere Cancelled ASME B31.12, "Hydrogen Piping and Pipelines" Not Determined    
122. Effect of Ethanol Source on Stress Corrosion Cracking of Carbon Steel Closed ASTM D-4806, "Specification for Denatured Fuel Ethanol for Blending with Gasolines for Use as Automotive Spark-Ignition Engine Fuel" Not Determined    
123. Effect of Ethanol Blends and Batching Operations on Stress Corrosion Cracking of Carbon Steel Closed ASTM D-4806, "Specification for Denatured Fuel Ethanol for Blending with Gasolines for Use as Automotive Spark-Ignition Engine Fuel" Not Determined    
Climate Change
124. Developing Design and Welding Requirements Including Material Testing and Qualification of New and Existing Pipelines for Transporting CO2 Active            
Other
125. Review of Control System Testing Frequency Cancelled            
126. Review the Intent and Safety Impact of Hoop Stress and Percentage of Specified Minimum Yield Stress Boundaries on Natural Gas Transmission and Distribution Pipelines Closed            
Liquefied Natural Gas
127. Vapor Cloud Explosion at Nil Wind Closed            
128. Development of Guidance on Potential Cascading Effects from Flammable Vapor Cloud Explosions Completed            
129. Developing Performance Criteria for External Loading Factors on External Steel Shell Tanks Active            
130. Liquefied Natural Gas Tanks Without Bottom Fill Active            
131. Modeling and Assessing a Spectrum of Accidental Fires and Risks in a LNG Facility Closed NFPA 59A, "Standard for the Production, Storage, and Handling of Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG)" Out For Revision 04/28/2008 Forwarded to committee officers for use in revising standard.  
132. Consistency Review of Methodologies for Quantitative Risk Assessment Closed NFPA 59A, "Standard for the Production, Storage, and Handling of Liquefied Natural Gas" Not Determined    
133. Performance Gap Comparison of Process Safety Management Consensus Standards and Regulatory Requirements for LNG Facilities Closed NFPA 59A, "Standard for the Production, Storage, and Handling of Liquefied Natural Gas" Not Determined    
134. Evaluation of the Efficacy and Treatment of Hazard Mitigation Measures for LNG Facilities Closed NFPA 59A, "Standard for the Production, Storage, and Handling of Liquefied Natural Gas" Project Active/Pending    
135. Develop a Risk-Based Approach and Criteria for Hazard Detection Layout Closed NFPA 59A, "Standard for the Production, Storage, and Handling of Liquefied Natural Gas" Project Active/Pending    
136. Develop an Evaluation Protocol for Non-LNG Release Hazards - Modeling Active NFPA 59A, "Standard for the Production, Storage, and Handling of Liquefied Natural Gas" Project Active/Pending    
Underground Natural Gas Storage
137. Risk Assessment and Treatment of Wells Closed            
138. Reliability of Subsurface Safety Valves Closed            
139. Tubing and Packers Life-Cycle Analysis for Underground Gas Storage Applications Closed            
140. Evaluation of Well Casing Integrity Management for Underground Storage Wells Closed            
Footnotes:
  1. Project Status and Impact Status:
  • SDOs are notified of relevant "Active" projects and invited to participate throughout milestones.
  • SDOs are notified when relevant projects are "Completed" and requested documentation that research was used to revise that standard in part or in whole.
  • "Out for Revision" means the SDO plans to provide the final report to the committee when the standard is next out for revision. Future survey dates will capture the ultimate impact status.
  • "Standard Revised" means that the SDO intends to revise the affected standard during the next scheduled revision date. SDOs decide if research results warrant revision sooner than scheduled.
  • "Supports New Standard" means the research results don't associate with any known standard and may drive the creation of a new consensus standard.